Originally a Neolithic settlement site, a burial mound (or barrow) was constructed here in the Early Bronze Age and was re-used as a cemetery site in the Anglo-Saxon period.Although Barrow Clump is protected by its designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument, Operation Nightingale was given special permission to excavate and record the barrow due to the extensive damage being caused by badgers.
In the Bayesian model for this sequence, the construction of the monument at West Kennet, as dated from the primary mortuary deposits, occurred in 3670–3635 cal. The difference between these two distributions suggests that this primary mortuary activity probably continued for only 10–30 years.It has now been clearly demonstrated that both the form and decorative elements of these lozenges were based on geometric designs.The Clandon example was created with decagon based geometry, the Bush Barrow example was based on a hexagon.The substantial ring ditch surrounding the monument was recorded, and an earlier ‘Beaker’ phase of burial mound construction on the same site was identified.Dating to 3985 - 3855 BC Coldrum Long Barrow is one of the earliest and least damaged prehistoric monuments in Britain, older than Stonehenge by at least a 1,000 years.Finds from the Neolithic period were limited, but include sherds of pottery and worked flint.
In 2013, a large Neolithic pit was identified, containing hammerstones and deer antlers, although the function of this feature is as yet unknown.
Clandon Barrow is a very large bowl barrow dating from the Bronze Age, which overlooks the village of Martinstown, near Dorchester in Dorset, and which lies on the same ridge as Maiden Castle. Gold objects were found including a cup and the Clandon Lozenge.
The lozenge has recently been studied along with a similar artifact from Bush Barrow (near Stonehenge).
I think to be able to provide more firm evidence which reinforces Aboriginal origin narratives of deep-time occupation, which goes up to and beyond the 50,000-year range — that's exciting," Professor Veth said.
The team used radio carbon dating and luminance testing to establish dates for dozens of artefacts unearthed at Boodie Cave, on the northern shore of Barrow Island, 50 kilometres off the Pilbara.
Previous excavations were carried out on the site in the early 20th century by Lt-Colonel William Hawley and in 2003–4 by English Heritage.